Vinclozolin modulates splenic natural killer cell activity, antibody-forming cell response and phenotypic marker expression in sprague dawley rats: a two-generation feeding study
White KL Jr, Germolec DR, Musgrove DL, Delclos KB, Newbold RR, Weis C, Guo TL.
Journal of Immunotoxicology (2004) DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15476910490518893 PMID: 18958644
The potential effects of the fungicide vinclozolin (VCZ) on the immune system were evaluated in F(0) (dams) and F(1) generations of Sprague Dawley rats exposed to a soy-free diet containing VCZ at 10, 150 and 750 ppm. In dams, exposure to VCZ at the highest concentration from gestation day 7 to postpartum day 51 (65 days total exposure) produced a significant increase in the numbers of splenocytes, B cells, T cells, helper T cells and cytotoxic T cells and a decrease in the percentage of NK cells. In F(1) males, exposure to VCZ gestationally, lactationally and through feed from postnatal day 22 to 64 (78 days total exposure) produced no effect on spleen or thymus weights or splenocyte subsets. However, increases in the spleen IgM antibody-forming cell response to sheep red blood cells (150 and 750 ppm) and the activity of NK cells (150 ppm) were observed. In F(1) females, exposure to VCZ produced a decrease in the activity of NK cells in all the treatment groups. Although decreases in the number of cytotoxic T cells (150 ppm) and the percentages of NK cells (10 ppm) and cytotoxic T cells (150 ppm) were also observed, the lack of a dose-related response suggested that these findings might not be biologically meaningful. In conclusion, these results demonstrate that exposure to VCZ at the concentrations tested modulates the immune responses in Sprague Dawley rats. Furthermore, the differential effect of VCZ in F(1) male and female rats is consistent with the reported anti-androgenic properties of VCZ.