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Immunotoxicity studies of trans-resveratrol in male B6C3F1/N mice

Madelyn C. Huang, Kimber L. White Jr., Susan A. Elmore, Tai L. Guo, Dori Germolec

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22427/NTP-DATA-002-02772-0033-0000-6



Resveratrol is a naturally-occurring polyphenol that is being investigated to treat and prevent various diseases, both experimentally and in the clinic. Despite increased use and interest in resveratrol due to its immunomodulatory properties, there is a lack of studies evaluating potential toxicities associated with resveratrol use, particularly immunotoxicity. A previous 2-week study found decreasing thymus weight in male B6C3F1/N mice with increasing exposure to trans-resveratrol. This study is a follow-up on those findings, specifically evaluating immune function. Male adult B6C3F1/N mice were given trans-resveratrol (0, 156, 312, 625, 1250, 2500 mg/kg/day) via oral gavage for 28 days and functional immune tests and histopathology were evaluated. There were no treatment-related effects on body weight during the study. Humoral, cell-mediated, and innate immune function were not altered after 28 days of trans-resveratrol treatment. There were also no changes in organ weight or microscopic alterations in immune organs. Overall, under the conditions of this study, there was no evidence of immunotoxicity or improvements in immune function associated with oral exposure to trans-resveratrol in male mice. Importantly, the immunomodulatory benefits of resveratrol may require a pre-requisite level of inflammatory activity and may not be observable in healthy individuals.


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Individual Animal Data