The Genomic Analysis of the Impact of Steroid Receptor Coactivators Ablation on Hepatic Metabolism
Jae-Wook Jeong, Inseok Kwak, Kevin Y. Lee, Lisa D. White, Xiao-Ping Wang, F. C. Brunicardi, Bert W. O’Malley, Francesco J. DeMayo
Molecular Endocrinology (2006) DOI: https://doi.org/10.1210/me.2005-0407 PMID: 16423883
Members of the steroid receptor coactivator (SRC) family, which include SRC-1 (NcoA-1/p160), SRC-2(TIF2/GRIP1/NcoA-2) and SRC-3(pCIP/RAC3/ACTR/pCIP/ AIB1/TRAM1), are critical mediators of steroid receptor action. Gene ablation studies previously identified SRC-1 and SRC-2 as being involved in the control of energy homeostasis. A more precise identification of the molecular pathways regulated by these coactivators is crucial for understanding the role of steroid receptor coactivators in the control of energy homeostasis and obesity. A genomic approach using microarray analysis was employed to identify the subsets of genes that are altered in the livers of SRC-1-/-, SRC-2-/-, and SRC-3-/- mice. Microarray analysis demonstrates that gene expression changes are specific and nonoverlapping for each SRC member in the liver. The overall pattern of altered gene expressions in the SRC-1-/- mice was up-regulation, whereas SRC-2-/- mice showed an overall down-regulation. Several key regulatory enzymes of energy metabolism were significantly altered in the liver of SRC-2-/- mice, which are consistent with the prior observation that SRC-2-/- mice have increased energy expenditure. This study demonstrates that the molecular targets of SRC-2 regulation in the murine liver stimulate fatty acid degradation and glycolytic pathway, whereas fatty acid, cholesterol, and steroid biosynthetic pathways are down-regulated.
Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) Series: GSE55002